The term ‘human rights’ refers to those rights that have been recognized by the global community in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations (UN) Member States in 1948, and in subsequent international legal instruments binding on states. The Universal Declaration is a landmark document. It recognizes that a world in which all human beings enjoy freedom of speech, freedom of belief, freedom from want and freedom from fear is the highest aspiration of all humankind. The global community recognized that it is equally essential to ensure that economic or social power does not dispossess the less powerful of their ability to meet their basic needs. In addition, international human rights law obliges states to take positive steps to ensure the realization of human rights, with a particular obligation to assist the most disadvantaged or vulnerable sectors of society. However, every child, woman and man is entitled to enjoy his or her human rights simply by virtue of being human. It is this universality of human rights. Human rights are premised on the recognition of the equal worth and dignity of every human being regardless of any distinguishing characteristic such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. This gives rise to the twin fundamental principles of equality and non-discrimination.
Considering the violation and exploitation of fundamental human rights of indigenous communities, GRDO aims to address the issues in order to reduce poverty and marginalization of peasants, agricultural and daily wage labour, and minorities. Together with building assets of children, women and minorities, GRDO aims to bring changes in attitudes, roles and behaviour that are essential for mainstreaming the more marginalized segment of the society.